What is Torticollis, Symptoms, Causes, Complication, and Treatment


Torticollis is a disorder that affects the head and neck muscles. Torticollis is a disorder that can affect infants and children. Torticollis is common, but it is not the same thing as spasticity.
Torticollis is a torticollis (twisting of the neck) that affects muscles in the neck and back. Torticollis is common in infants and children and can be caused by a number of different conditions. In infants, it is most often caused by a lack of development of the supraspinatus muscle. In older children, it can be caused by other reasons, such as spina bifida or spinal cord abnormalities.
The term “torticollis” comes from the Greek words “tortikon,” meaning twisted, and “collos,” meaning neck, which refers to the twisting of the neck at an angle. The specific type of torticollis that can occur with a person’s head is called spastic torticollis (also known as spasmodic torticollis).
A group of muscles in the neck called the masseter are responsible for opening your mouth, chewing food, and maintaining jaw balance during swallowing. As children grow younger and older, their masseter muscles weaken due to poor development or loss of nerve connections from brain injury or birth defects.
Torticollis can be very painful for sufferers, making it difficult to sit or stand for extended periods. Abnormalities in the neck musculature can also cause torticollis. These include congenital abnormalities in muscles at the base of the neck (such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo), spinal cord anomalies, and congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD).

What is Torticollis?

Torticollis (also called torticollis) is a term used to describe a twisting or rotation of the neck and/or head, usually in children and infants. Two common types are bulbar torticollis and cervical torticollis. There are also other types, which are still not well-defined. A person with torticollis may have pain in the neck, face, and back of the head, which may start suddenly or develop over time. Some people may also have a stiff neck as well as breathlessness. 
Torticollis can be caused by abnormal stress on the part of the neck muscles, for example, due to a head injury or surgery on the neck; or by problems with breathing and breathing muscles that help with narcolepsy, or by problems in brain areas that control the movement of the head; or by problems in other parts of the body. The symptoms will depend on where the twisting occurs, such as whether it is at the base of the skull (bulbar), above (cervical), or above (cranial).

How is Torticollis Diagnosed? 

Torticollis can be diagnosed based on how severe it is…for example: “A very severe case would show severe spasticity in all four limbs” but “A mild case would show no spasticity.”…and how many symptoms there are…for example: “If most symptoms are present but one symptom only is present, it’s possible that you have cervical torticollis.”

What are the Causes of Torticollis?

The exact cause remains unknown but it’s believed to be multi-factorial…for example: “Some scientists say that we don’t know why some people get what others don’t.”…and how many symptoms there are…for example: “If there’s only one symptom present but others are absent, that means you have bulbar torticollis.”…”
And if you have more than one symptom present then you have both bulbar and cervical forms.” What is Torticollis? A person with torticollis may have pain in the neck, face, and back of the head, which may start suddenly or develop over time. Some people may also have a stiff neck as well as breathlessness. Torticollis can be caused by abnormal stress on the neck.

Symptoms of Torticollis

Torticollis is a chronic movement disorder that is characterized by twisting or twisting and turning the head. It most commonly occurs between the ages of 4 and 8 years; however, the disorder may be present at birth. This condition affects approximately 3% of children.
Many adults experience torticollis as a nuisance. However, it is important to recognize this disorder because it can be used to diagnose other conditions such as cerebral palsy or even stroke.
Torticollis can be classified into three types- spastic torticollis, spasmodic torticollis and torticollis in adults. Spastic torticollis refers to an abnormal twisting of the neck, which results in an abnormal movement of the head that can be accompanied by abnormal posture and positioning of the limbs; it is usually found in adults who have an organic neurological condition or a subacute onset condition such as cerebral palsy or stroke.
Spasmodic torticollis refers to a twisting that causes movement in only one direction; it typically occurs when individuals experience pain on one side of their neck (such as when wearing braces), so they twist their necks in order to relieve this pain. Torticollis in adults refers to a congenital condition that occurs spontaneously without any obvious cause (such as a viral infection or paraneoplastic syndrome).
Torticollis may also occur when individuals are diagnosed with spinal cord injury after having had surgery for another reason (e.g., due to a car accident). Torticollis has been described as “a little bit like muscle spasm” because individuals experience difficulty moving their head while they are upright and stationary, while they can move their head with ease while lying down (e.g., when resting on their side), however, this type of twitching exhibits more rapid onset than spastic torticollis or spasmodic torticollis cases.

Complications of Torticollis

Torticollis is a unique condition that can be caused by a variety of different conditions, including neurodegenerative diseases, head trauma, and congenital malformations. The diagnosis of torticollis is based on symptoms and the history of the injury that caused it.
Torticollis affects both males and females of all ages. It is very common in children between the ages of two and nine. In addition to being a common occurrence in infants, torticollis is also seen in older children and young adults at times. It also occurs as an isolated condition with no known cause (1).
Type I torticollis, or simple spastic torticollis, is characterized by a cycle of involuntary jerking movements of the neck muscles due to nerve damage (2). The diagnosis of type I torticollis can be confirmed by MRI or CT scan (3).
Type IIa spastic torticollis is characterized by back-and-forth jerking movements on both sides of the neck. This type can be associated with other symptoms such as spasms, muscle weakness, inability to move body parts, and severe pain
(4). Spasmodic torticollis may also occur without clinical signs. This type can be diagnosed using MRI (5) or CT scan (6).
Type IIb spastic torticollis is characterized by highly stereotyped jerking movements in one direction only. This type can be associated with other symptoms such as spasms and muscle weakness. Torsion refers to twisting motion around an axis (7), which may occur when the head rotates slowly or spontaneously along an axis (8).
Spasmodic torsion may also occur without clinical signs but neurological examination may indicate torsion if there are no other symptoms present (9). Type IIb occurs more commonly in children than type I because it affects more muscles around the neck compared to type I (10).
Torticollis in children under two years old usually results from sudden trauma or injury to their vessels while they are asleep or otherwise unresponsive to external stimuli during sleep periods; however, often these episodes do not last long enough for them to develop into full-blown generalized spasms. Type III spastic torticollis is a variant form of adult simple spastic torticollis that does not have any underlying cause but develops over time from episodes that last for longer than 72

Treatment of Torticollis

Torticollis is a muscle spasm that occurs when the neck rotates, but it occurs in several different anatomical areas of the body. This can be caused by several different things. The most common cause of torticollis is spasmodic torticollis, a type of spasticity.
Torticollis may also result from:
The most common cause of torticollis in children is spastic diplegia (also known as diplegia magnitudinis greater), a condition that is characterized by weakness and rigidity of the muscles in the lower half body, including those around the neck. Another form of this condition is called spastic diplegia brachiale, which involves muscle weakness and crampiness in both arms and legs.
The muscles involved in these disorders are: There are several treatments for torticollis. A medication called baclofen may help control symptoms caused by either type of splint deformity or spinifex deformity, although there are no adequate studies to support this finding.
Several exercises can be done to strengthen muscles involved with neck control and rotation, as well as cutting back on weight-bearing activities when possible (e.g., sitting down on the floor) to reduce strain on joints and ligaments associated with torticollis. Other options include physical therapy or medical treatment such as steroid injections or surgery to treat spasticity or spinal cord injuries.


Torticollis, also known as “wryneck” is a twisting of the neck that causes the head to rotate and tilt at an odd angle.
Torticollis (also called “wryneck”) is a condition occurring in young children that are characterized by twisting of the neck and head toward the opposite side of the body. Torticollis may be caused by neurologic disorders such as spastic diplegia, craniosynostosis, or other forms of cerebellar malformation. It usually occurs initially in infancy and can persist until childhood.
The most common cause of torticollis is diplegia with craniosynostosis. If you have one of these conditions, it is generally not inherited. However, if you have another genetic disease such as spastic diplegia or motor neuron disease, sometimes torticollis can be inherited.
The cause of torticollis may also be related to postnatal trauma from birth or from certain types of surgery on the spine including reduction and fusion procedures.
Torticollis may also occur in infants and children who suffer from cerebral palsy or developmental delay due to other neurological disorders such as spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), congenital heart disease (CHD), cerebellar ataxia (CA), intellectual disability (ID), mental retardation (MR) or Down syndrome (DS).
Sometimes there are no symptoms until a few months after birth; then there may begin to develop pain and difficulty moving the head when in rest position on its side; then there may be vomiting due to dehydration; then eventually pain increases and it becomes easier for them to twist their heads which leads them to fall forward on their head; then finally they start drooping on one side while sitting up straight on their knees.
Torticollis is a disorder that can affect infants and children. Torticollis is common, but it is not the same thing as spasticity.
Torticollis is a disorder that can affect infants and children. Torticollis is common, but it is not the same thing as spasticity.