Pyracantha – Forever Green Plant That is Easy to Grow
Pyracantha is the scientific name for firethorn plants, an evergreen plant that is easy to grow and provides seasonal interest and berries can handle the simple care of firethorn bush. Pyracantha is a genus of large, thorny evergreen shrubs in the family Rosaceae, with common names firethorn or pyracantha are native to an area extending from Southwest Europe east to Southeast Asia.
The Pyracantha plant can reach up to 20 feet tall, having seven species that provide white/red flowers, (produce during late spring and early summer) and orange and yellow berries from late summer and mature in late autumn. The plant is a valuable ornamental plant, with decorative flowers, and fruits often very densely borne.
The Pyracantha aesthetic characteristics in conjunction with their home security qualities make them an alternative to artificial fences and walls. Pyracantha is also a good shrub for a wildlife garden, providing dense cover for roosting and nesting birds, summer flowers for bees, and plenty of berries as a food source.
Pyracantha berries are mildly poisonous as their seeds contain cyanogenic glycosides, however in some colder countries “Pyracantha” and the related genus Cotoneaster are valuable sources of nectar when often the bees have little other forage during the June Gap. Birds love the berries of the “Pyracantha” and take shelter from wintry blasts all through the long cold season and spring bloom is just the icing on the cake.
The Pyracantha shrub is forever greenly beautifying the landscaping. Pyracantha bush typically has abundant orange-red berries and needle-like sharp thorns. The red color berries have not been proved to be toxic to animals or humans, however, swallowing large amounts might cause some mild stomach upset. The berries are very bitter to taste, but definitely edible when properly cooked and are sometimes made into jelly.
How to Grow Pyracantha?
It is possible to grow red-berried “Pyracantha” from seed. Then you need to collect seeds from the plant in the autumn. Remove the outer coat of the seed and place the seed in your fridge for 60 days to break the seed’s cold dormancy mechanism. Lightly scratch the seed coat with some very fine sandpaper to scuff the hard coat, then you can sow the seeds as normal.
Pyracantha bush is very easy to propagate from stem cuttings. This method will produce rooted cuttings until spring. But cuttings taken after December never seem to grow as well as ones taken between Sep to Dec. The bush has small but oval-shaped leaves that can reach 15ft maximum. The berries come in three shades, red, orange, and yellow.
Moreover select a sunny, shady, or partly sunny location for growing firethorn shrubs. They can also thrive in dry or moist soils, through damper areas produce bigger plants. Therefore, you may want to choose a fertile, moist place when planting firethorn. Also, consider the location of your shrub prudently.
The plant’s remarkable looks are paired with prickly leaves that snag and scrape. Plant the shrub away from doorways, gates, and entryways. Hence dig the hole twice as large as the root ball when planting firethorn and provide consistent water while establishing. Install firethorn in the fall for the healthiest plant and best results.