The gorgeous Marmore Falls (Cascata delle Marmore) is actually the tallest man-made waterfall in Italy. It is created by the ancient Romans. The waterfall can be found 7.7 kilometers from Terni, the provincial capital of the Italian region of Umbria. The Marmore Falls’s total height is 541 feet making it one of the tallest in Italy and in Europe as well. Of its three sections, the top section is 272 feet.
The waterfall source is a portion of the waters of the river Velino. However, the rest of the river flows into a hydroelectric power plant, after flowing through Piediluco Lake near the community of Marmore. It pours into the valley below formed by the river Nera. Its flow is turned on and off according to a published schedule, to satisfy the requirements of sightseers and the power company equally.
Travelers try to be there the moment the gates are opened to see the powerful rush of water. Moreover, most of the time, the water in the canals above the falls is sidetracked by a hydroelectric power plant. Hence the flow in the falls themselves is reduced to the level of a creek. Piediluco Lake, above the falls, is used as a reservoir for the power plant.
The Galleto power plant, built-in 1929 is an architecturally interesting site. Its maximum capacity is around 530 MW. Therefore to control the operation of the power plant, and satisfy visitors. The fall is turned on according to a set schedule, attaining a remarkable effect at full flow. There’s an alarm is sounded first, then the gates are opened, and in a few minutes, the small creek is transformed into a full-sized river rushing into the void below.
Usually, Marmore Falls is turned on between 12:00 and 1:00 PM and again between 4:00 and 5:00 PM every day, with extra times on holidays. Make sure, an entrance fee is charged to visit the falls and the surrounding area. A beautiful path along the falls lets visitors hike up to the top of the falls.
Along the way, a tunnel leads to an observatory just next to the falls. Where a tourist is guaranteed to get soaked. A safer observatory near the top affords a grandiose view of the falls and of the Nera valley below. In ancient times, the Velino river flows through the surrounding highland of the city of Rieti. It fed a wetland that was thought to bring illness, perhaps from Malaria.
To risk-free the city of Reiti in 271 BC, there was a plan to construct a canal to divert the stagnant waters into the natural cliff at Marmore. This option generated a different problem for City of Terni, when the flood water of the Velino River flowed and threatened its inhabitants. However, with the passage of time, the poor maintenance of the canal resulted in a decrease in the flow, until eventually, the wetland started to reappear.
In 1422, a new canal was planned to construct to restore the original flow. However, the presence of the canal created a lot of problems over the next two centuries, and then in 1787, it modify to leaps below the falls, giving the falls their present look and finally resolving the major the issues. Moreover please be noted, that large and free car parks are available both at Upper and Lower Belvedere.
It is very imperative, that you should check the opening hours of water released before arranging the visit. A lot of children’s facilities are available there, along with suitable family activities i.e. cave visits, night visits, botanical visits, and much more. If you’re looking for more adventure, then there are rafting, canoeing, and canyoning opportunities, and soft Rafting available here.
The place is open to all, including children and non-swimmers; Hydrospeed-soft, surrounded by nature, in full contact with the river, and helped by a “bob water” you can go down the soft stretch of the Black River in thorough safety, at all times accompanied by a guide; Tubing-soft, another fun way to get down the stretch soft, slightly above the water level and self-reliantly supported by a guide that explains the trajectories.